bwydo’r byd?Posted: May 5, 2013
…..dilynodd pawb enghraifft Nicaragua?
Mae’r Ymgyrch OS yn paratoi ar gyfer yr uwch-gynhadledd G8 yn ystod yr Haf. Mae Rhowch Derfyn ar Dlodi, yn ystod halibaliw y G8 yn 2005, yn dal yn ffres yn y meddwl. Nid pawb oedd yn hapus gyda’r ymgyrch yno, na’r canlyniadau.
Eto mae’r rhai wedi torri’r rhengoedd, ac wedi gwrthod cymryd rhan yn y glymblaid newydd OS. Mwyaf blaenllaw yw War on Want. Dyma eu rhesymau (yma) dros gymryd cam yn ôl o’r ymgyrch bresennol. Maent wedi cynhyrchu adroddiad arbennig ar sofraniaeth bwyd (gweler yma) sy’n tanlinellu’r rhesymau am ddiffyg bwyd i’r tlotaf (oherwydd, wrth gwrs, mae digon o fwyd i fwydo pawb yn barod).
Yn y cyfarfod ym Mangor, siaradodd David McKnight a Ben Gregory am yr hyn wnaeth Nicaragua i sicrhau fod digon o fwyd i bawb. Dyma enghraifft o’r noson:
In food sovereignty, Nicaragua is not only a regional leader but a world leader. Again, last month, the country received praise. Nicaragua is the first country in Latin America to achieve Objective 1 of the Millenium Goals, to halve hunger.
“UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) representative in Nicaragua, Fernando Soto said, “Nicaragua has fulfilled, before the deadline, Objective Number 1 of the Millennium Objectives which is to reduce by half the proportion of the population suffering from hunger.”
The FAO will recognize the efforts the Sandinista government which has reduced hunger from 55% in 1990 to 20% today at its world conference in June.
Soto said, “In Latin America and the Caribbean, Nicaragua is the country that in terms of proportion has reduced malnutrition and hunger the most.” He added that Nicaragua is on a positive trajectory to eradicate hunger. He said that is especially impressive considering that Nicaragua is one of the poorest countries in Latin America.”
It has done this through the various social programmes, through developing exports to Venezuela through the ALBA, but also through seeking to re-start the rural economy after it was left to rot by successive neo-liberal governments. Though it has worked with large producers, its main focus has been on small producers, particularly co-operatives, and what they call the ‘associative economy.’ The number of co-ops have increased from 1,700 to 4,500 in the past five years.
They have a vision of creating a rural economy based on co-operation, with the traditional co-operatives that take part in the fair trade system, but also in the producers in ALBA, with the women who take part in Zero Hunger, wth the programme for basic grains. They have also been giving advice to Venezuela and Cuba about setting up second level co-operatives, which in Nicaragua’s coffee and sesame sectors have increased the quality of the product, and negotiated with international organisations like the FairTrade movement.